Claude Frollo is the main antagonist of Victor Hugo's 1831 novel Notre-Dame de Paris ("The Hunchback of Notre-Dame" in English territories). He is an archdeacon (judge in some adaptions) who takes in the abandoned hunchback Quasimodo and raises him like a son. While he is celibate due to his station in the cathedral, his innate passions are aroused by the gypsy girl Esmeralda, whom he initially curses as a demoness sent by the Devil to test his faith. However, he eventually gives in to temptation and orders Quasimodo to kidnap Esmeralda. When Quasimodo's abduction attempt is foiled by Captain Phoebus, Frollo leaves Quasimodo to be tortured in the stocks and is driven to increasing instability by his simultaneous desire and hatred for Esmeralda.